The interesting thing about history is that everyone and everything has one; this is the same for the humble roof. Since the beginning of human history, we have benefited from some form of roofing. Whether made from adobe mud bricks or solid steel, roofing is essential in sheltering us from the elements.
Yet, this humble yet essential component to our homes has changed immensely over the thousands of years we have been building them. With this in mind, here is a very brief history of how roofing has developed.
Roofing has always been vital to survival and protection from the elements and our ancient ancestors knew this. At a time when daily life was a constant battle to survive, homo sapiens looked for new ways to adapt and innovate.
The earliest known roofing material was created from the dried skins of woolly mammoths, with the earliest example dating back to around 40,000 BC in Siberia. These makeshift tents were especially easy to dismantle, offering hunter-gatherers shelter whilst on the move.
Still used today throughout the English countryside, thatched roofs have been a part of European roofing culture for thousands of years. As hunter-gathering declined and humans began setting foundations, homesteads began to become more permanent.
Because of this, the first thatched houses began springing up throughout northern Europe, offering a superior level of protection and insulation. These proto-thatched roofs were less efficient as the ones we see today which began appearing around 735 AD.
Whilst tribal societies were building their thatched buildings throughout central and Northern Europe, the Romans were experimenting with new roofing ideas, culminating the first roofing tiles, created in 100 BC. The iconic orange roof tile became a staple throughout the Mediterranean and Rome’s conquered lands.
However, it wouldn’t be until the 12th century that tiling truly came into its own. During the reign of King John, a decree was made that buildings in London need to replace their thatched roofs with tiles.
This began the inexorable rise of the superior material and, with the industrial revolution making mass tiling manufacturing easier, tiles became the standard for homes throughout the world.
These days, roofing still relies heavily on tiling and is the main method of creating a quality roof. However, there are new ways to help keep our roofs looking great and carry out the job of protecting us from the elements.
Here at Kingdom Coatings, our bespoke, industry-leading roof coating process has given countless happy customers a refreshed and renewed roof for their home. Coating helps to repel mould growth whilst restoring it to its former glory.
For more information, visit our website or get in touch with our team on 0800 228 9436.